Verjuice (from Middle French vertjus "green juice") is a very acidic juice made by pressing unripe grapes. Sometimes lemon or sorrel juice, herbs or spices are added to change the flavour. In the Middle Ages, it was widely used all over Western Europe as an ingredient in sauces, as a condiment, or to deglaze preparations.
It was once used in many contexts where modern cooks would use either wine or some variety of vinegar, but has become much less widely used as wines and variously flavoured vinegars are more accessible nowadays. Nonetheless, it is still used in a number of French dishes as well as recipes from other European and Middle Eastern cuisines, and can be purchased at some gourmet grocery stores. The South Australian chef Maggie Beer has popularised the use of verjuice in her cooking, and it is being used increasingly in South Australian restaurants.
Modern cooks most often use verjuice in salad dressings as the acidic ingredient, when wine is going to be served with the salad. This is because verjuice provides a comparable sour taste component, yet without "competing with" (altering the taste of) the wine the way vinegar or lemon juice would.
Verjus, called husroum (حصروم) in Arabic, is used extensively in Syrian cuisine. In Syria, much of the production of husroum is still done over the course of several days by female members of land-owning clans -- even if many of them live in cities. The husroum produced during this time will be distributed to various households within the extended family and used throughout the year. The same is true for the production of olive oil and tomato paste.
Verjus, called abgora in Farsi, is used extensively in Northern Iranian and Azerbaijani cuisine.
Other uses of the word verjusThe authors of The Medieval Kitchen: Recipes from France and Italy write that the grape seeds preserved in salts were also called verjus during the Middle Ages.
- The Medieval Kitchen: Recipes from France and Italy, by Odile Redon, Francoise Sabban and Silvano Serventi, University Of Chicago Press, 2000. ISBN 0-226-70684-2 (hardcover); ISBN 0-226-70685-0 (paperback)
verjuice in Afrikaans: Verjus
verjuice in Arabic: فيرجوس
verjuice in German: Verjus
verjuice in Spanish: Verjus
verjuice in French: Verjus
verjuice in Dutch: Verjus
verjuice in Pampanga: Verjuice
verjuice in Finnish: Verjuis
verjuice in Turkish: Koruk suyu
verjuice in Chinese: 酸葡萄汁